The Māori and Indigenous Governance Centre, University of Waikato, argues for a Treaty partnership power sharing model over the marine and coastal estate.
Dr Robert Joseph and his team explain in their report The Treaty, Tikanga Māori, Ecosystem-Based Management, Mainstream Law and Power Sharing for Environmental Integrity in Aotearoa New Zealand – Possible Ways Forward, that the emphasis should be on power-sharing arrangements that are “suitable for Māori, suitable for the environment and therefore suitable for the nation”.
They add that adopting and adapting ecosystem-based management to place tikanga Māori at the forefront of decision-making “will help the socio-political system and will improve the environment for future generations”.
This report provides an extensive analysis, but only from a Maori-centric, Maori primacy point of view. To find out more, download the report, linked above. (N.B. Health warning - you may need to have a strong drink handy!)